What do you mean?Mafia (also called The Werewolf Game) is a bluffing and detection game which pits an informed minority (the Mafia) against an uninformed majority (the townspeople). The game is played in a single thread and it cycles through day and night "phases", which last a day or two each. People who play the game are assigned a "role" at the beginning which determines which team they are on. If they are in the Mafia, they will know the identity of the other Mafia members and agree on who to kill each night phase. If they are a townsperson, they will not know anybody, and each day phase they will all vote on who they think should be lynched. But be warned - the Mafia will be voting each day phase as well.
It appears a very straightforward townspeople versus Mafia battle until you realize that the townspeople don't know who anybody is. They don't know who to trust. They have to use their wits to determine who is in the Mafia, and who they should vote for. Instant Messenger interrogations take place, with high-speed questions from high-strung townspeople. People form and break alliances, while the Mafia members lie, scheme, attempt to frame those who are innocent, and murder the townspeople suspicious of them.
The game ends when the townspeople have lynched all the Mafia members (townspeople victory), or when the number of Mafia members equals the number of townspeople (Mafia victory).
[size=75](special thanks to Savvy-Sauce and Mashi from Last Life for this overview as well as ideas for the rest of the topic)[/size]How the game is played
A game of Mafia starts out with a signup thread. In this thread, whoever is hosting the game (known also as a "moderator") will post the game structure with a signup list however many spots they need to fill to play the game. Users that are interested in playing the game will reply with something along the lines of "sign me up", "I'll play", or simply just "in". Once the list of people is filled up, the game will start. Note that most Mafia games take around 15-20 people, and signups are done on a first come-first serve basis.
After signups are complete, the main game thread is posted and role PMs are sent out. The first post will have the game structure and the list of people playing - some hosts choose to update the first post's player list to reflect who has been killed, provide generic copies of role PMs, and post links to beginnings of phases as they happen. The more the host can provide in the first post, the better! Around the time that the thread is posted, the host will send out role PMs - these are PMs sent to each player that notify them of their role. Mafia members will additionally receive a list of all other Mafia members.
The game will start with a night phase - it is at this time that players will strategize and the Mafia will decide who to kill. The host can choose how long he wants the night phase to last, but generally they will last about a day or so. All other special roles will choose what they want to do during this phase as well.
After the night phase is over, the day phase will begin. At this time, players may vote on who they want to lynch (be aware that the Mafia will be lying about who they think is suspicious). To vote, simply post the player's name in bold red
(failure to do so may result in your vote not being counted). You are allowed to change your vote (post again with a different player's name), but you cannot retract it. If you do not vote, you will receive what's called a "phantom vote" (more on that later). It is possible for a "Knife in the Box" or "Insta" to occur (two players having the same amount of votes or one player having more than half of the votes, respectively), but that will be explained later on. Once the day phase is over and the votes are tallied up, the player with the most votes will be lynched and the next night phase will begin.
The night and day cycle will repeat itself until one team wins.Basic rolesMafia member
(also called Mafioso) - along with the rest of his team, picks one player to kill during the night phase; is aware of the other Mafia membersDoctor
- chooses one person to "save" each night; this player will be immune to a Mafia killSheriff
- chooses one person to "inspect" each night; he will find out what this player's role is (in the form of a color)Townsperson
- has no special powersBasic game mechanicsBallot-Box Game
- Lynch votes are sent to the host in private (as opposed to being posted in the thread). This opens up the ability to fake votes.Cardflip Game
- When a player dies, his color is revealed to the public. This is a common mechanic and is done by default in most games. Hosts may choose to also reveal the player's full role (as opposed to just their color, as that can be misleading, see "More advanced roles" for why this is significant), but that is a lot less common.Faction Game
- Instead of Mafia vs. townspeople, players are divided into multiple teams with different roles and similar or different win conditions.Mystery Game
- A role list is not supplied, and players only know their respective role.More advanced rolesGodfather
- Is a Mafia member but will appear green (townsperson) when inspected or killed. Generally knows he's the Godfather.Miller
- Is a townsperson but will appear red (Mafia) when inspected or killed. Generally does not know he's a Miller.Vigilante
- Is almost always a townsperson. Has one kill each night phase.Doublevoter
- Sometimes described as "charismatic", their lynch vote will count for two (could be aligned with either side and might be colored accordingly).Deputy
- Becomes the Sheriff when the Sheriff is killed. May or may not know his role at the beginning of the game.Serial Killer
- Is a third party. Has one kill each night phase and wins the game if he is the last man standing.
This is by no means an exhaustive list. The great thing about Mafia is that hosts can design their own games using a combination of roles, and new roles can be created as well!Rules
1. The role PM must not be directly discussed.
It is fine, however, to discuss your role itself - this is encouraged in some situations, and of course players will lie.
2. Screenshots are not permitted in any form.
3. Logs/PMs/interactions with players are permitted to be faked,
as long as they abide by rule #2. It is not permitted, however, to falsely assume the identity of another player (e.g. Player 1 comes on to the IRC disguised as Player 2).
4. Editing posts is not allowed in any form, but double posting is permitted.
This is to prevent people messing with information they have previously posted.
5. Lynch votes are designated by bold red.
The host may choose whether or not to count votes that fail to abide by this rule.
6. Phantom votes are given to player who fail to vote during the day phase without a legitimate excuse.
A legitimate excuse would be something like a power outage or lack of internet access. The host then has the power to remove the player from the game at their discretion. If a player periodically accumulates phantom votes, the Game Masters will decide whether or not to hand out game bans.
7. When two players have the same amount of lynch votes at the end of a day phase, the player to be lynched is chosen at random.
This is commonly called a "knife in the box".
8. When a player has accumulated over 50% of the lynch votes, this player is killed and the night phase begins immediately.
This is commonly called an "insta".
9. Talking to dead players is prohibited. Likewise, dead players are not allowed to release any information about the game (their role, others' roles, etc.) until it is over.TerminologyBandwagon
- When multiple players suddenly start voting for one person with little reason.Claim
- The act of revealing your role (done truthfully or not).Instant Kill (Insta)
- When one player receives more than 50% of the lynch votes. This player is killed and the next night phase begins.Knife in the Box (KitB)
- When two players have the same amount of lynch votes at the end of the day phase. The player to be lynched is chosen at random.Safety
- When a player is not sure of who to vote for and places a vote on a random person to avoid a phantom.Seer
- Another name for the Sheriff. When used as a verb, this means the use of the Sheriff's power (e.g. "he was seered red").Third Party
- A player (or players) that are not aligned to the Mafia or the townspeople. They will often have different conditions to win.Vigi
- Another name for the Vigilante. When used as a verb, this means the use of the Vigilante's power (e.g. "he got vigi'd").